Electric vehicles offer an equivalent driving experience to conventional vehicles but create significantly less pollution at the tailpipe.
As well as contributing to improving air quality and reducing carbon emissions, they are inexpensive to run. Access to public and private charging infrastructure is always improving.
Electric vehicles are broken down into three main types:
- Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV) - these rely solely on electricity and can travel between 100 and 300 miles on a single charge. They do not produce any tailpipe emissions.
- Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) - these are vehicles that have a battery, electric drive motor and an internal combustion engine (ICE). It can be driven using the ICE or the electric drive motor, or both, and can be recharged from an external power source. Typical PHEVs will have a pure electric range of around 30 miles. Once the electric battery is depleted, journeys can still continue in hybrid mode, meaning that there is no range limitation. PHEVs are only efficient if they are regularly charged, otherwise they can be more expensive to run than a conventional petrol or diesel car.
- Extended Range EV (E-REV) - these are a version of plug-in hybrids. An E-REV combines a battery, electric drive motor and a small petrol or diesel generator. The electric motor always drives the wheels with the ICE acting as a generator when the battery is depleted. The typical range of E-REVs is between 150-300 miles. An example of an E-REV is the BMW i3 range-extender.
You can find your nearest electric vehicle chargepoint using Zap Map.
Information on government grants for electric vehicle chargepoints at work and home can be accessed on the GOV.UK website.
Go Ultra Low is the national campaign for electric vehicles (EVs). It aims to provide all the facts and information drivers need to make an informed decision about switching to an EV, such as:
- information on available vehicles
- EV-friendly tariffs
- guidance on charging at home.